Declaração do Tribunal Russell sobre o ataque israelita à flotilha da liberdade
Statement by the Russell Tribunal on Palestine
The international community must urgently take measures against Israel 's violations of international law
The attack by Israeli commandos on the "freedom Flotilla" on 30 May 2010 off the coast of the Gaza Strip is in violation of several fundamental principles of international law:
- the principle of the freedom of navigation on the high seas (Convention on the Law of the Sea, Article 87) because this attack took place 40 miles off the coast of Gaza , therefore outside both Gaza and Israeli territorial waters;
- the prohibition on attacks on civilians: the attack having been made within the framework of the occupation of the Gaza Strip by Israel (an occupation which persists due to the continuous control by Israel of land, air and maritime borders of the Gaza Strip), this attack occurred in a context of armed conflict; consequently, in relation to the laws of armed conflicts, this attack can be considered as an attack against civilians and as constituting a war crime which all states have an obligation to prosecute (customary international humanitarian law, Law 1..156 para..) ;
- the obligation to comply with the decisions of the Security Council (Charter of the UN, art. 25) asking Israel to withdraw from territories that it has been occupying for more than 40 years (Security Council resolutions 242 of 22 November 1967, and 338 of 22 October 1973).
These violations of international law involve Israel 's international responsibility, its obligation to make reparations for the damage resulting from these violations and the obligation of all States to prosecute and punish those responsible for these violations when they concern crimes against international law.
This incident, which is an additional episode in the sad anthology of violations of international law by Israel , again demonstrates the ease, if not the contempt, of this state with regard to the most fundamental principles of international law.
This strategy of disregard for international law by Israel is the result of the laissez-faire approach of the international community and the impunity which the state of Israel has been accorded for several decades, strongly underlined by the Jury of the Russell Tribunal on Palestine during its first international session in Barcelona . To this end, the Russell Tribunal on Palestine insists on:
1. The lifting of the blockade by Israel of humanitarian aid, a collective punishment prohibited by the Fourth Geneva Convention;
2. An end to the siege of Gaza by the Israeli authorities, in compliance with its obligation to end its territorial occupation;
3. The opening of an international inquiry into the circumstances of the attack on 30 May, in order to examine the validity of the possible justifications invoked by Israel ;
4. The suspension of the EU/Israel Association Agreement in accordance with the provisions contained in this agreement.
Stéphane Hessel, Pierre Galand, Brahim Senouci, Bernard Ravenel, Paulette Pierson-Mathy, François Maspero, Marcel-Francis Kahn, members of the International Organising Committee of the Russell Tribunal on Palestine, Cynthia McKinney, Gisèle Halimi, Alberto San Juan, Members of the Jury of the Russell Tribunal on Palestine.
Mairead Maguire, member of the Jury of the Russell Tribunal on Palestine and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, is one of the passengers of the "freedom flotilla". The Russell Tribunal on Palestine expresses its solidarity with the victims and with the passengers of the convoy.